How to Use a Propane Smoker Like a Pro?

Jim Bob – A long-time contributor to GrillBabyGrill. Jim has had a lifelong relationship with the art of grilling, passed on from his father and grandfather to him.

Image Credit: Fred Barr

Propane smokers make it easy to prepare incredible smoked meat without the hassle of more traditional methods. There is no need to use charcoal that can be messy, and propane is a stable gas that is safe to use when cooking outdoors. Propane is also relatively affordable, and a tank can last a long time if you only plan to smoke your meals at the weekends.

You can achieve superior results when smoking meats and vegetables in a propane smoker by learning some expert techniques. These methods provide consistent smoking conditions for excellent results

Here’s how to use a propane smoker like a pro.

1. Prepare Your Propane Smoker

When learning how to use a propane smoker, safety is the most crucial factor. Check your propane tank doesn’t have any cracks or gaps that could let gas escape, and check the rubber gasket inside the tank’s valve for signs of wear and tear. You can ensure you have enough propane in the tank by using a pressure gauge that displays how much gas remains in the canister.

Follow the smoker manufacturers’ instruction booklet to connect the grill hose to the propane tank. This booklet also identifies the vital component parts you need when smoking foods. 

When you turn the gas supply on, spray a water and dishwashing soap liquid mixture onto the connector and the regulator. If there are bubbles in the fluid, this indicates a gas leak, and you should reattach the connections and repeat the spraying process. If there are no bubbles, you can begin smoking. Otherwise, you’ll need to replace the parts.

2. Prepare Your Wood Chips


Wood chips are the special ingredient in a propane smoker. You can choose from a range of flavors that add aromatic tastes to your meats and vegetables. Be sure to purchase food-grade wood chips to avoid adding any potentially dangerous chemicals to your meals. 

You can use dry wood chips in your propane smoker, and many outdoor cooking enthusiasts argue unsoaked chunks provide a better flavor. However, it’s often a good idea to soak wood chips in cold water before use to avoid them burning too quickly. 

There’s no need to leave the chunks in water for too long. About 30 minutes should be enough to help them smolder without igniting. You only need to measure around one cup size of wood chips at first since you can always add more later if required.  When your wood chips are ready, add them to the smoker box or wood chip tray.

3. Prepare Your Water Pan

The best meats are moist and contain plenty of flavorful juices, and using a water pan is a great way to prevent the texture from drying out. Many smokers come with a water pan included, but they are also relatively cheap to buy online. It’s a good idea to line your water container with aluminum foil because it can be challenging to clean if grease and dirt particles cling to the surface. 

You can use plain water in the foil, although a water pan also offers the opportunity to add some extra juicy tastes to your meals. Cider or beer makes a great addition to your water pan, or you could add apple or cranberry juice for fruitier flavors.

4. Start Your Propane Smoker

smoking a food

One of the most attractive features of a propane smoker is how easy they are to start and heat. Although ignition systems may vary, most models utilize a simple push-button start-up process. 

After opening the valve on your propane tank to allow fuel to travel to the grill, turn the gas knob on the BBQ to the high position, and your smoker should instantly ignite. Close the smoker door, and after approximately 5-10 minutes, you should see smoke coming out of the chimney.

5. Adding Food and Trust Your Smoker

Smoke Hollow PS40B

Place your meats and vegetables on the cooking grate and position them directly above the water pan. When juices and fats drip from your food, they will land in the liquid, evaporate, and the flavors can then reenter the foods as steam. 

Close the smoker door and resist the urge to check on your meal’s progress. Every time you open the door, you lower the internal temperature and allow smoke to escape into the open air. 

Meats cook over varying timescales depending on their type and thickness. You can use a temperature chart to determine how long each piece of meat should stay in the smoker

The Center for Diseases Control and Prevention provides guidelines for the required internal temperature of different meats before they are safe to consume. If you know how long your cut of meat should cook before serving, you won’t need to open the smoker door to check on the cooking progress.

6. Check Your Water and Wood Chip Levels

When learning how to use a propane smoker, it’s a good idea to check on your water and wood chip levels regularly and replenish the water pan and smokebox if required. 

With experience, you’ll know when you need to refill the containers. If you forget to do this step and let the wood chips burn out, you’ll lose some flavoring. However, if you allow the water pan to run dry, your meat may become tough due to a lack of moisture.

7. Serve Your Smoked Meal

When you think your meal looks well-cooked and ready to eat, it’s good practice to use a digital meat thermometer to check the internal heat level. If the reading shows, your meats are below the required temperature, close the smoker door and check again in five minutes. Your meal is now ready, and you can enjoy eating with your family and friends.